Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injury, brain trauma and closed head injuries as a result of a motorcycle accident

In the event of an impact to the head, or an acceleration-deceleration mechanism accident resulting in trauma to the brain, numerous health issues may arise including traumatic or mild brain injuries. Accidents that result in severe brain injury may have an irreversible impact on the lives of victims and their families. In many cases, the injury accident itself could have been avoided if someone had not been negligent or careless. Bikers are particularly at risk to sustaining a brain injury due to the lack of steel surrounding them in contrast to an automobile. This is the very reason why safety helmets are vital for motorcycle operators.

The brain injury attorneys at the Dolman Law Group are committed to bringing justice to those victims who have suffered devastating injuries involving the head and brain resulting from preventable events. Our injury law attorneys routinely handle brain injury cases throughout the State of Florida.


Many traumatic brain injuries such as swelling or bleeding of the brain, cranial fractures, and coma’s due to an impact to the head, are apparent and rather easy to diagnose (we can be certain they are the result of a traumatic head injury). There are, however, times when a victim is considered to suffer from what is termed a “mild” or “moderate” brain injury, usually from an automobile or motorcycle accident. In my opinion, any injury to the brain should be handled as a serious and urgent matter.

Mild or moderate injuries are more difficult to identify because they result in less apparent symptoms such as loss of memory, trouble with simple thinking, rollercoaster-like emotions, and a lack of concentration. The Center for Disease Control outlines numerous factors and issues which stem from a traumatic brain injury.

He at the Dolman Law Group, we represent many individuals who have suffered injuries to the brain and the protective casing known as the cranium. Common accident scenarios include:

Brain injury is often a long term matter, and may require at home nursing care, medications, and various devices to assist the victim in their medical treatment. Monetary compensation is the only way one may receive funds to help cope with the life changing effects of permanent head trauma. The injury law attorneys at the Dolman Law Group specializes in helping victims manage their care to maximize the total compensatory award for special damages. We are also prepared to surround you with medical and economic experts who will assist you in creating a lifetime care plan.


Most Common Causes of Brain Damage

Motorcycle accidents are a common cause of skull, head and brain damage. This type of accident may simply arise from an impact due to falling off a bicycle and forcefully hitting concrete, or from crashing into a windshield during a car wreck. Even without a great impact, the g-forces of a car accident cause the brain to go from constant acceleration to sudden deceleration, similar to a whiplash event. Therefore, without blunt trauma to the head, one can still suffer a serious head injury.

Anoxic Brain Injury
Anoxic brain injury occurs when blood flow to and from the brain is interrupted by trauma. These injuries may result in a lack of oxygen to the brain, which induces swelling or bleeding within the brain tissue.

Diffuse Axonal Injury
Diffuse Axonal Injury is a type of brain injury related to the rotation and separation of the brain within the cranium. An injury of this type is capable of cutting away, shearing, or severing brain axons, which are connecting nerve fibers.

Medical science has not discovered a method to successfully treat diffuse axonal injuries. Medical experts have however; found that the damage imposed on axons presents itself in the first 12 to 24 hours after the head injury has occurred. Most experts are confident that advances in science today will soon be able to treat and/or slow down the injury from progressing with medicine and other therapy.

Contusions and concussions
Contusions and concussions are brain injuries that occur when the brain becomes bruised as a result of it hitting the inside of the cranium, or skull. Common symptoms include dizziness, headaches, lack of memory, and loss of concentration.

A subtle concussion is capable of creating a long term medical issues which usually results in a lifetime medical care plan.

Coup and Contrecoup Injury
Contrecoup injuries are the result of the jerking, side-to-side, motion of the brain. The brain is propelled against both sides of the cranium. This type of injury is often the result of motorcycle, automobile, and pedestrian accidents.

Subdural Hematoma
Subdural hematomas are classified as blood clots which form in between the brain tissue and the dura (the inner, upper lining of the brain). There are numerous ways this injury may occur, and may take weeks or days for symptoms to show. If clotting occurs quickly, we term this an acute subdural hematoma. Many blot clots can be treated with surgery if detected in time.

Epidural Hematoma
Epidural hematoma results from blood clotting in between the skull and the dura. Normally due to trauma, the injury is potentially deadly because the buildup of blood in the brain increases pressure in the intracranial space, compresses sensitive brain tissue, and causes the brain to shift.


Traumatic brain injury may have a wide-range of physical and psychological effects. Certain symptoms may appear immediately after the traumatic accident, while others may begin to show days or weeks later.

Physical Signs of a brain injury

  • Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • No loss of consciousness, but a state of being confused or dazed
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Difficulty sleeping

Cognitive signs of a brain injury

  • Amnesia>
  • Short term memory loss
  • Disorientation
  • Poor Concentration

Emotional signs of a brain injury

  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Personality changes in general
  • Changes in appetite

Over the last two years, closed head injuries have received an increase in media attention due to athletes, particularly former NFL players, shining light on the concussions they sustained while playing professional sports. Subtle symptoms of a concussion can often go undiagnosed, until years later when the damage is severe enough to be noticed. Additionally, the amount of impact necessary to result in a brain injury is not as much as one would expect.

How A Traumatic Brain Injury Is Sustained

Two common situations exist for which a brain is inclined to severe trauma. If a victim’s head collides with an object, the cerebral cortex may become damaged and bruised; or if whiplash has occurred it is highly possible that the deep white matter (that material which transmits signals from one region of the cerebrum to another) may undergo an axonal tear, known as a diffuse axonal injury. The stretching or tearing of axons can result in permanent damage. Many attorneys focus on obvious, general orthopaedic conditions, failing to recognize that their client may have actually suffered from a diffused axonal brain injury. This commonly occurs in situations where the client did not suffer a severe closed head injury (i.e. their head never hit an object and they did not lose consciousness).

It is important to note that failure to lose consciousness does not eliminate the possibility that a traumatic brain injury has occurred. Field studies have shown that the mean automobile crash of just 5 miles per hour creates up to 50,000 pounds of force, an amount we consider to be significant. In my experience practicing law, I have counseled numerous clients who have encountered threatening head injuries, injuries which insurance carriers label as a minor due to the collision being of low impact. In fact, a majority of my clients who experienced brain injuries did not lose any sense of consciousness and did not have any impact to the head during the wreck.

The Importance of Retaining an Experienced Brain Injury Attorney

It is extremely vital to consult with a qualified Florida traumatic brain injury attorney if you, or a loved one, are experiencing any of the physical, cognitive, or emotional symptoms discussed above. If you, or a loved one, are the victim of a blow to the head or whiplash injury as a result of negligence exhibited by an individual or corporation, it is extremely important to be referred to, and treated by a doctor familiar with traumatic brain injury.

The quality of one’s life and the ability to socially interact with loved ones and friends, as well as the ability to work, are affected by a traumatic brain injury. Please contact a personal injury attorney for a free, no obligation, and completely confidential evaluation of you case.

As a dedicated personal injury attorney, I am constantly dealing with insurance adjusters, defense lawyers, and physicians who are not familiar with the scientific mechanism behind a traumatic brain injury or closed head injury. Most professionals are falsely under the impression that the head must strike an object in order to have a legitimate case. Therefore, it is absolutely essential to retain an attorney who is not only familiar with traumatic brain injuries, but also with the most up-to-date knowledge surrounding this consistently evolving area of science, medicine, and law.

If you or a friend, family member, colleague or acquaintance have sustained a physical injury as a result of the negligence exhibited by an individual or corporation, call eh injury law attorneys at the Dolman Law Group for a free consultation and case evaluation at: (727) 451-6900